Hunger

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Worldwide

  • Hunger is the world’s #1 health risk. It kills more people than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.
  • One in seven people in the world will go to bed hungry tonight.
  • Over 300 million children go to bed hungry every day.
  • Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes. That's one child every five seconds.
  • Undernutrition is a factor in one third of all under-5 child deaths.
  • One out of four children - roughly 146 million - in developing countries is underweight.
  • In Africa and Asia, stunting rates are particularly high, at 40 percent and 36 percent respectively.
  • More than 90 percent of the developing world’s stunted children live in Africa and Asia.
  • Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life could have the single largest impact on child survival, with the potential to prevent 1.4 million under-five deaths.
  • On average about 35 percent of infants 0 to 6 months old are exclusively breastfed.
  • Every infant and child has the right to good nutrition according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Undernutrition is associated with 35 percent of the disease burden in children under five.
  • Globally, 30 percent (or 186 million) of children under five are estimated to be stunted and 18 percent (or 115 million) have low weight-for-height, mostly as a consequence of poor feeding and repeated infections, while 43 million are overweight.
  • 925 million people do not have enough to eat. 98 percent of them live in developing countries.
  • There are more hungry people in the world than the combined populations of USA, Canada and the European Union.
  • Asia and the Pacific region is home to over half the world’s population and nearly two thirds of the world’s hungry people.
  • Women make up a little over half of the world's population, but they account for over 60 percent of the world’s hungry.
  • 65 percent of the world's hungry live in only seven countries: India, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan and Ethiopia.
  • The World Bank estimates that the spike in global food prices in 2008, followed by the global economic recession in 2009 and 2010 has pushed between 100-150 million people into poverty.
 

The United States

  • In 2012, 14.5 percent of households (17.6 million households, approximately one in seven), were food insecure . This percentage is the same as 2008, and has been the highest number recorded since these statistics have been kept. (Coleman-Jensen 2013, p. v).
  • In 2012, 5.7 percent of U.S. households (7.0 million households) had very low food security. In this more severe range of food insecurity, the food intake of some household members was reduced and normal eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year due to limited resources (Coleman-Jensen 2013, p. v).
  • The United States changed the name of its definitions in 2006 that eliminated references to hunger, keeping various categories of food insecurity. This did not represent a change in what was measured. Very low food insecurity (described as food insecurity with hunger prior to 2006) means that, at times during the year, the food intake of household members was reduced and their normal eating patterns were disrupted because the household lacked money and other resources for food. This means that people were hungry (in the sense of "the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food" [Oxford English Dictionary 1971] for days each year.
  • In 2012, 26.5 million (14 percent) of people ages 18-64 were in poverty.
  • In 2012, 49.0 million Americans lived in food insecure households, 33.1 million adults and 15.9 million children.
  • The number of people living in poverty in 2012 (46.5 million) is the largest number seen in the 54 years for which poverty estimates have been published.
  • In 2012, the poverty rate for people living with a disability was 28.4%. That’s 4.3 million people living with a disability in poverty.
  • In 2012, the National Center on Family Homelessness analyzed state-level data and found that nationwide, 1.6 million children experience homelessness in a year.
  • 34.2% of the population—or 106.4 million—live close to poverty, with incomes less than two times that of their poverty thresholds.
  • More than one quater of americans now live in poverty.
  • 16.6 million or 22.5 percent: Number of American children living in homes with some level of food insecurity in 2008. Food insecurity is a term used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to measure families’ level of hunger. Food insecure households are “at times, uncertain of having, or unable to acquire, enough food for all household members because they had insufficient money and other resources for food.”
  • 50 percent: Percentage of all U.S. children who will receive food stamps at some point before their 18th birthday.
  • 90 percent: Percentage of black children who will receive food stamps sometime before their 18th birthday.
  • $28 million: How much child hunger costs the U.S. economy each year in health care, lost productivity, education system impacts, and charity system expenses.
 

Resources


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